Generally thought to have originated in Central Asia and have been used by humans for thousands of years. Farmers of cannabis sought to grow plants beneficial to their community and over time cultivated different varieties or strains of cannabis. These strains typically fall into three categories:
Sativa: Generally thought to increase energy.
Indica: Generally thought to deliver sedating effects.
Hybrid: Generally believed to deliver effects in between Sativa and Indica.
Cannabis can be consumed in many forms including:
Vaporized: oils and distillates
Concentrates: hash, wax, shatter, resin, etc.
Edibles: Infused into baked goods, candy, butter or oils for cooking
Topicals: Infused into lotions, balms or sprays applied to the skin
THC & CBD
The two most prevalent cannabinoids found in cannabis are CBD and THC.
So far, scientists have identified over 100 different cannabinoids. THC and CBD interact with the Endocannabinoid System (ECS), the largest receptor network in the body. The ECS system affects much of what goes on in the body including Pain
- Muscle Spasticity
ECS receptors connect with their cannabinoid match and may result in relief. Although THC and CDB are both cannabinoids, they affect the body differently. THC affects receptors found primarily in the brain and central nervous system and produce the euphoric or psychoactive effect.
Terpenes are essential oils found in plants. Cannabis terpenes give each strain its unique aroma and flavor. Terpenes also influence the effect of a particular strain— the Cannabinoids and terpenes work together synergistically to create the “Entourage Effect.” The synergy created with terpenes and cannabinoids may affect specific conditions or symptoms.
Common Terpenes and their effect:
Myrcene: Must, Cloves, Herbal, Citrus
Sedating, Relaxing, Enhances THC Psychoactive
Caryophyllene: Pepper, Wood, Spice
Very limited physical effects
Linalool: Floral, Citrus, Spice
Pinene: Sharp, Sweet, Pine
Memory Retention, Alertness
Humulene: Woody, Earthy
Limonene: Citrus, Lemon, Orange
Elevates Mood, Relieve Stress
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